Republic of Indonesia abbreviated RI or Indonesia is a country in East Asia, lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E, on the equator and located between Asia and Australia and between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is also known as the Archipelago (Reuters Islands). Consists of 17,508 islands, is the largest archipelago in the world.
Indonesia is bordered by Malaysia on Borneo island, with Papua New Guinea on the island of Papua and East Timor on the island of Timor. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.
History of Indonesia has been influenced by other nations. The Indonesian archipelago became an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya kingdom religion and trade relations with China and India. Hindu kingdoms and Buddhism has grown in the early centuries AD, followed by the traders who brought Islam, as well as various European powers fought one another to monopolize the spice trade in the Moluccas during the era of ocean exploration. After about 350 years of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia declared its independence at the end of World War II. Further Indonesia challenged by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
With a population of 254 million people in 2014, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and the largest Muslim country in the world, although it is not officially an Islamic state. Indonesia is a republic form of government, the House of Representatives and the president is elected directly.
Jakarta is the country’s capital located on the north-western part of Java island is the largest metropolis in South East Asia. Besides the central government, Jakarta is the center of business, politics, and culture, Jakarta is home to the headquarters of state-owned enterprises, private companies, and foreign companies. The city is also the seat of government agencies and representatives of foreign countries and the ASEAN Secretariat office. Jakarta is served by two airports, namely Soekarno-Hatta and Halim Airport, and the Tanjung Priok seaport.
From Sabang to Merauke, Indonesia consists of 1,340 of various ethnic groups, languages and religions. Indonesia’s national motto, “Unity in Diversity”, articulates the diversity that shapes the country. In addition to its large population and densely regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that supports the level of biodiversity in the world’s second largest.
The Capital : Jakarta (the largest city)
The official language : Bahasa Indonesia
Government : Republican
Independence : Proclaimed August 17, 1945
Broad Area : Total 1,904,569 km2
Population : 254 million in 2014
GDP (CLA) 2007 estimate :
– Total U.S. $ 1,038 billion
– Per capita U.S. $ 4,356
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
– Total U.S. $ 408 billion
– Per capita U.S. $ 1,812
HDI (2004) 0.711 (medium)
Currency : Rupiah (IDR)
Time zones West Ind. Time, Central Ind Time, East Ind. Time (UTC +7, +8, +9)
Trafic of Transportation: Driving on the left
Phone code: 62
THE WONDERFUL INDONESIA
The present cultures flourish throughout the Indonesian archipelago derived from its ancient culture roots which formerly has been influenced for centuries by many foreign cultures, namely Indian, Chinese, Arabic and Europe , creating unique traditions that can not be found elsewhere in the world. The cultures blend in harmony with the natural beauty and natural resources owned by their respective areas so as to create a harmonious lives that has typical characteristics from one region to another. They are priceless treasures of the nation.
Indonesia is also rich in works of art and craft. Textiles, wood crafts, carved furniture, wooden boats that glorify the ocean of Indonesia to this day.
Various kinds of different cultures and traditions across the country is also expressed in many and interesting events, both religious ceremonies or traditional events held throughout the year.
As the largest archipelago country, Indonesia is the fourth longest coastline in the world with the seabed topography is so varied like exposure shallow, coral reefs, steep and gentle slopes, underwater volcanoes, deep ocean trenches, confined basin or basins and so forth and as world’s largest Marine Biodiversity , has 8,500 species of fish, 555 species of sea grass and 950 species of coral reef organisms. Characteristics of ocean currents in Indonesia is also typical. From the Pacific Ocean to the passing of the Indian Ocean archipelago is an indicator of the rise and fall of El-Nino and La-Nina.
Indonesia is also blessed with one of the most extensive tropical forest and the richest biodiversity in the world. Tens of millions of Indonesian people rely on to live and livelihood of the forest, both of collecting various types of forest products or working in the wood processing industry. This tropical forest is the habitat of flora and fauna that abundance unmatched by other countries in comparable size. Even today, almost every scientific expedition carried out in Indonesia’s tropical forests resulted in the discovery of new species.
A few photos from thousands of the Indonesia’s diversity.
RELICS, CULTURES AND TRADITION
Additional reading for Indonesia