London – the capital and largest city of England and the whole of the United Kingdom. It is a leading world financial centre, and one of the biggest cities in the world. Founded by the Romans as Londinium, it grew around the ancient core now known as the City of London. Today, London is one of the most ethnically diverse cities on the planet.

London
– City • County • Conurbation • Metropolis • Urban Area • World City –

Location
– Postcode: BR • CR • DA • E • EC • EN • HA • IG • KT • N • NW • RM • SE • SM • SW • TN • TW • UB • W • WC • WD
London
England
United Kingdom

Population: 8,354,744 (2013)
– Rank
— in province: 1st
— in country: 1st
— in EU: 1st
— in world: 11th

Area: 606.95 sq mi
– Rank
— in province: 1st
— in country: 1st

Density: 13,765/sq mi
– Rank
— in province: 3rd
— in country: 4th

Residents
– Demonym: Londoner
– Nationalities and Ethnic Groups
— British: 81.6%
White: 44.9%
Asian: 18.4%
Black: 13.3%
Mixed: 5.0%
— Born outside of UK: 18.4%

Climate
Highest temperatures
— Record: 37.5°C
— Average: 15.2°C
Lowest temperatures
— Record: -10°C
— Average: 7.5°C

Foundation
– Date: c. 43AD
– Name: Londinium
– Settlers: The Romans

Government
– Mayor: Boris Johnson
– Council: Barking and Dagenham • Barnet • Bexley • Brent • Bromley • Camden • City of London • Croydon • Ealing • Enfield • Greenwich • Hammersmith and Fulham • Hackney • Haringey • Harrow • Hillingdon • Hounslow • Islington • Kensington and Chelsea • Kingston-upon-Thames • Lambeth • Lewisham • Merton • Newham • Redbridge • Richmond-upon-Thames • Southwark • Sutton • Tower Hamlets • Waltham Forest • Wandsworth • Westminster
– Constituencies: 74 constituencies
– Website: Mayor of London & Greater London Authority – www.london.gov.uk

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